How to use Excel If Statement with Multiple Conditions Range [AND/OR]

" Else MsgBox "Entered number is Odd! And, if the second condition it false then it will go to the third condition and so on. Offset 0, 1. In one cell score is in numbers and in another cell it has grades. If you have a sample file to upload, this would greatly aid in developing a course of action. Font. You can download this VBA IF Statements Excel Template here —• If the outer IIf function evaluates to False, the inner IIf function is called:• Simple to the complex condition can be written in VBA IF statement. VBA IIf Function Examples Example 1 The following VBA code shows two simple calls to the IIf function. To see a practical example of using , have a look at Example 1 below. But I think people should be able to get my drift. A condition to test. MergeCells Then MsgBox "Active Cell Is Merged" Else MsgBox "Active Cell Is Not Merged" End If End Sub In the above code, we have used to check whether the active cell is merged or not. Methods 1, 3 and 5 are applied against a single cell, whilst methods 2, 4 and 6 use a For Loop to loop through all of the relevant cells, as per the example in the image, to test each of the cells in a range and return specific values. The DIR VBA function plays an important role if you need to refer to other files or folders in your macro. Excel If Statement Multiple Conditions range There are various If statements available in Excel. If the END IF statement is not enclosed then we will get the below error. The third method uses a combination of an Excel IF and COUNTIF functions. Sometimes, we need to determine and make sure a particular range is not empty before proceeding to the next statements. Range is not strictly necessary. Then we can see the result in cell B2. Normally I would open Excel now and try your code myself, but I don't even have Excel on any of my machines at home I use OpenOffice. But, if the First IF Statement evaluates to FALSE then the ELSEIF statement following it will be evaluated. If the score is equal or greater than 20 for column D or the second score is equal or greater than 60 then the person is the pass. Do you write conditions in VBA frequently? This is like our nested IF condition in our worksheet calculations. " Else MsgBox "No, active cell hasn't a number. A condition or parameter to test. If yes, try checking just one cell and see if that works. More on 2. vbNullString Then MsgBox "File does not exist. If the score is between 71 to 80, then Grade C• Example 2 — Highlight Cells with Negative Values Suppose that you have a column full of numbers and you want to quickly highlight all the cells with negative values in red, you can do that using the below code. If both conditions are false, the code below Else keyword is executed. Range. This is because the folder was created in the previous test. About the Book Author Michael Alexander is a Microsoft Certified Application Developer MCAD and author of several books on advanced business analysis with Microsoft Access and Microsoft Excel. Object events will not be invoked e. Objective: Here we will generate a random number between 1-10 and then our task is to identify if the generated number is less than 5, equal to 5 or greater than 5. And on line 7, we have two conditions using the AND operator. We will use a Case statement to test the response. Where to Put the VBA Code? Step 3: Insert a code module from then insert menu of the VBE• Column must be a identifier for example: "A", "IV", "XFD" or a number for example: 1, 256, 16384. " Now we will test the answer. This is one of the most used and popular functions of excel that is used to lookup value from different ranges and sheets. As a VBA function, you can use this function in that is entered through the Microsoft Visual Basic Editor. FileSystem. The first parameter contains the condition to be matched. The trade-off is that the code is more difficult to understand. Else MsgBox "Folder exists. 8 Real Life Examples Here I have listed some simple but useful examples which you can follow along. Below code will perform the required task. Here you can check multiple conditions where you can use Excel If statement. Now, all the codes which you enter must be between these two lines. — Feb 4 '12 at 11:19• " Set the properties as shown in the image below The following table shows the properties that you need to change and the values that you need to update too. Then you can use the following code: Sub CheckScore If Range "A1". Hence you need to use the End IF statement. Value, "Florida" 0 Then cell. In case you have multiple conditions to check, you can use:• The following procedure performs the same tasks by using the alternative ElseIf syntax. xls? Example Sub CheckValue If Range "A1". IF function in VBA is different when compared with EXCEL IF function i. We have two cell with the subject score. Note: All the above-mentioned operators are binary i. VBA Logical Operators: AND, OR, NOT Logical Operators Let's say you want to process a customer order. Name Then ws. In the current code after the True value is supplied in the next line type word Else. If you want to be an advanced VBA user then an IF statement is must learn. If the user responds with anything else, we will exit the subroutine. ' Second call to IIf function. Here all the ElseIf arguments or condition is false, therefore it will move on till the condition is true and at last result of the Else argument is displayed as a final result of the IF statement. IF statement in VBA is sometimes also called as IF THEN ELSE Statement. Nested IF Then Multiple IF Then statements So far we have used a single IF Then statement. For this, multiple testing is to be done using AND and OR function, you should gain expertise in using either or both of these with IF statement. Cells Row,Column : End With If you omit the dot, Cells Row,Column is within the active worksheet. When the score is more than or equal to 35, the IF condition is true, and the code right below it gets executed everything before the Else statement. In this article, I will cover complete VBA IF condition. Select Case statements to execute faster and look cleaner than IF THEN ELSE. But what if you want to show a message in both the cases, whether a student passed or failed the exam. And, if that row is blank statement will delete that particular row. I have a test to see if a text string is in an array that mostly works, but sometimes fails and I don't understand why. FileSystem. Now tell me this. Often we think about beginnings not endings. Popular Articles: Get faster at your task. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. If the test is TRUE the formula will return a "Contains Text" value, alternatively if the test is FALSE the formula will return a "No Text" value. Object references held by other programs are invalidated — if any application is holding a reference to a VBA object it will be invalidated and inaccessible• ELSE IF will come into picture value if the condition is FALSE then we need to test more condition with ELSE IF condition. vbNullString Then MsgBox "File does not exist. SaveMsgBox "Workbook Saved" Else MsgBox "This workbook is already saved" End If 'end of second IF statement Else MsgBox "Make Sure to save it later" End If ' end of first IF statement End Sub In the above example, we have used a nested IF statement. If the condition is true, it returns false, and if a condition is false, it returns true. Please share your views with me in the comment section. Today I want to share a cool VBA tip for properly ending your VBA macros. This is extremely valuable in many situations as we will see in the examples later in this tutorial. Because 3 is not greater than 5. This is very similar to our worksheet function IF. Logical operators are used to evaluate more than one condition. We will store the response in the FileName variable we created in the previous step. The item is not in the array" So far so good. You can use multiple If and AND conditions combined in this logical test. If NOT true Then false Example Source Code For the sake of simplicity, we will be comparing hard coded numbers. If a cell does not contain text the VBA code will return a value of "No Text". So even if the first IF statement is correct, the second would still be evaluated. Application Event deals with on workbook level. These 50 shortcuts will make your work even faster on Excel. When the single line of IF Then statement is used, then no need to use End IF at last. ADJUSTABLE PARAMETERS Output Range: Select the output range by changing the cell reference "C5" in the VBA code. We will also alter the code; instead of displaying a message, we will open the requested file. For this, you need to perform Excel if statement with multiple conditions or ranges that include various If functions in a single formula. VBA is one of the , and if you are getting started with VBA, make sure to check out. If the cell is a numeric value, meaning that there are no text values, then the function will return a TRUE value, alternatively if the cell contains a text value, the function will return a FALSE value. more than one condition. The ISNUMBER function test if the selected cell is a numeric value. If we execute the macro a second time, we see the following response. Only Satya Nadella can run this. I was able to find the solution. Same goes for writing VBA macros. It is because of the empty spaces in the cell. How to Use VBA Else If Statement? To apply the formula, you have to follow the above process. But when we split it into more than one line, we need to use the End If statement. Not equal to represented by the Excel VBA. If a cell does not contain text the VBA code will return a value of "No Text". statements to execute if Cell is not Blank. Assume you have a value in the cell A2 and you want to check whether the number is greater than 100 or not. however, this code functions through a button and for a single cell. Offset 0, 1. The third parameter "Equal Operator" is the title of the message box. either it should be TRUE or it should be FALSE. Any help would be greatly appreciated. The other advice I have is that a for-each loop is faster than a for-loop. " End If End Sub In the above example, we have used NOT in the condition. Value is the default property so you can usually omit it and the compiler will know what you mean. To make the Chart Events we use the Class module. If all the conditions are true, AND evaluates to true. In the status column, we need the result as follows. — Feb 5 '12 at 2:52• Use If Cells i, "A". The below code would do this: Sub CheckScore If Range "A1". Also, VBA is not short-circuited so when you use the AND keyword, it will test both sides of the AND, regardless if the first test failed or not. If the cell contains text the COUNTIF function will return a value of 1, alternatively it will return a value of 0. Cells Row,Column. Thank you for your question. If with Else Statement — Example 2 We have seen how single IF with TRUE condition works. End xlUp. The Excel IF function is then used to test if the Excel ISTEXT function tested TRUE meaning the cell contains text. If the name is not the same as that of the Active workbook, it saves and closes it. End xlUp. All we need to do, specify a condition to check and if that condition is TRUE it will perform a task. We can use the below code to get this done: Sub CheckScore If Range "A1". I am teaching myself VBA from books and I no one at my work knows anything about it, thus the learning process involves a lot of persistence and trial and error. With over 25K members and almost 30K posts, your solution is either ready and waiting or has the possibility of being answered more quickly than we may be able. Excel VBA Else If VBA Else If allows you to analyze a condition, and perform an action accordingly. But for larger applications in which speed is critical, you should know about another syntax for the If-Then structure. Usually, an if statement consists of a Boolean expression followed by statements It may be one or many. In our example, 2 is not equal to 1, therefore, it will show "false" in the msg box. If the outer IIf function evaluates to True, the String "zero" is returned;• You can run the macro by clicking the Run Sub button or by pressing F5. " End Sub Explanation: In this code, first of all, we are numbers from the user. VBA End vs VBA Exit The VBA End statement ends the execution of a certain VBA scope. The program starts from Line-1 and executes all the instructions sequentially till Line-4. In the second parameter, type the value that you want Excel to display if the condition is true. Recommended Articles This has been a guide to VBA Else If Statement. To enable the events on charts we... Similarly, in the third parameter type the value that will be displayed if your condition is false. I tried using the below vba code in an excel sheet. Using Not With IF By using NOT in a condition you can change TRUE into FALSE and FALSE into TRUE. Workbooks. In this task, we will check to see if a folder exists. End Sub The result: Using the VBA End statement to exit macro execution The End statement ends the execution of the ENTIRE MACRO. Description The Microsoft Excel IF-THEN-ELSE statement can only be used in VBA code. If any of the conditions is true, the code above Else keyword is executed. This Tutorial Covers:• The worksheet event are really useful when you want your macros run when a specified event occurs on the sheet. The main difference between the examples is how the code determines is the cell contains text. In VBA, it is more optimal to use 2 if-statements in these cases, that way you aren't checking for "Florida" if you don't find "Miami". xlsx format. Item is not in the array" Else MsgBox "Yes! Countif function is essential to prepare your dashboard. " End If End Sub Execute the code by pressing F5. Would you like to create it? True and False Results: In this example if a range of cells contain text the VBA code will return a value of "Contains Text". The default is vbNormal, which are files with no specific attributes. xlsm, you will see a warning as the vba codes are lost when you save it in. If the inner IIf function evaluates to False, the String "positive" is returned. Now we will be going to learn Excel If Statement with other excel functions. An If-Then-Else example Another approach to the preceding problem uses the Else clause. vbNullString Then MsgBox "File does not exist. Fortunately the VBA End statement is here to save the day and help us put that full-stop in the right place. IF-Then-Else You can use IF-Then-Else statement where you want to perform a specific task if a condition is TRUE and a different task if a condition is FALSE. But in certain situations the compiler can be confused so the advice to include the. A slightly more efficient structure would exit the routine as soon as a condition is found to be true. Count. Now in the next line supply the final result of the test with ELSE statement. It executes one set of code if a specified condition evaluates to TRUE, or another set of code if it evaluates to FALSE. Conditions are everywhere in our day to day life. If the score is between 81 to 90, then Grade B• Step 6: Now press F5 to execute the code or F8 to debug the Macro to check the if Range A1 is blank or not. When you run this macro you will with OK and Cancel option. And, if the is not ticked then range D17:D21 will be blank. So if we entered "N" in cell A2, we want "North" to appear in cell C2. Alternatively, if the COUNTIF function returns a value of 0, then the cell does not contain text and the IF function will return the associated value, which in this example is "No Text". In the above VBA code, there are two calls to the IIf function, one of which is nested inside the other. DIR returns a string that represents a directory or file that matches a defined pattern. " Else Workbooks.。 。

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